• Severe shoulder pain that interferes with everyday activities, such as reaching into a cabinet, dressing, toileting, and washing.

  • Moderate to severe pain while resting. This pain may be severe enough to prevent a good night's sleep.

  • Loss of motion and/or weakness in the shoulder.

  • Failure to substantially improve with other treatments such as anti-inflammatory medications, cortisone injections, or physical therapy.


Rehabilitation


Rehabilitation after shoulder replacement surgery is dependent on the type of replacement performed as well as other individual characteristics.  After surgery you will be in a sling for approximately 6 weeks and require physical therapy for strengthening and regaining your motion.  Dr. Ackerman will formulate a rehab protocol based on your individual anatomy and condition.



Schedule a consultation with Dr. Ackerman today to discuss your current condition and treatment options by calling (516) 243-8506. 

Shoulder Replacement Surgery



Although shoulder joint replacement is less common than knee or hip replacement, it is just as successful in relieving joint pain.


Shoulder replacement surgery was first performed in the United States in the 1950s to treat severe shoulder fractures. Over the years, shoulder joint replacement has come to be used for many other painful conditions of the shoulder, such as different forms of arthritis.


Today, about 53,000 people in the U.S. have shoulder replacement surgery each year, according to the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality. This compares to more than 900,000 Americans a year who have knee and hip replacement surgery.


If nonsurgical treatments like medications and activity changes are no longer helpful for relieving pain, you may want to consider shoulder joint replacement surgery. Joint replacement surgery is a safe and effective procedure to relieve pain and help you resume everyday activities.


Whether you have just begun exploring treatment options or have already decided to have shoulder joint replacement surgery, contact Long Island orthopedic shoulder specialist Dr. George Ackerman for a consultation.


What is involved in shoulder replacement surgery?


In shoulder replacement surgery, the damaged parts of the shoulder are removed and replaced with artificial components, called a prosthesis. The treatment options are either replacement of just the head of the humerus bone (ball), or replacement of both the ball and the socket (glenoid).


What conditions lead to a Shoulder Replacement?

Several conditions can cause shoulder pain and disability, and lead patients to consider shoulder joint replacement surgery.

Osteoarthritis (OA)

This is an age-related "wear and tear" type of arthritis. It usually occurs in people 50 years of age and older, but may occur in younger people, too. The cartilage that cushions the bones of the shoulder softens and wears away. The bones then rub against one another. Over time, the shoulder joint slowly becomes stiff and painful.

Unfortunately, there is no way to prevent the development of osteoarthritis. It is a common reason people have shoulder replacement surgery.

Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)

This is a disease in which the synovial membrane that surrounds the joint becomes inflamed and thickened. This chronic inflammation can damage the cartilage and eventually cause cartilage loss, pain, and stiffness.

Rheumatoid arthritis is the most common form of a group of disorders termed "inflammatory arthritis."

Post-traumatic Arthritis

This can follow a serious shoulder injury. Fractures of the bones that make up the shoulder or tears of the shoulder tendons or ligaments may damage the articular cartilage over time. This causes shoulder pain and limits shoulder function.

Rotator Cuff Tear Arthropathy

A patient with a very large, long-standing rotator cuff tear may develop cuff tear arthropathy. In this condition, the changes in the shoulder joint due to the rotator cuff tear may lead to arthritis and destruction of the joint cartilage.

Avascular Necrosis (Osteonecrosis)

Avascular necrosis is a painful condition that occurs when the blood supply to the bone is disrupted. Because bone cells die without a blood supply, osteonecrosis can ultimately cause destruction of the shoulder joint and lead to arthritis. Chronic steroid use, deep sea diving, severe fracture of the shoulder, sickle cell disease, and heavy alcohol use are risk factors for avascular necrosis.

Severe Fractures

​A severe fracture of the shoulder is another common reason people have shoulder replacements. When the head of the upper arm bone is shattered, it may be very difficult for a doctor to put the pieces of bone back in place. In addition, the blood supply to the bone pieces can be interrupted. In this case, a surgeon may recommend a shoulder replacement. Older patients with osteoporosis are most at risk for severe shoulder fractures.

Failed Previous Shoulder Replacement Surgery

Although uncommon, some shoulder replacements fail, most often because of implant loosening, wear, infection, and dislocation. When this occurs, a second joint replacement surgery — called a revision surgery — may be necessary.


Is Shoulder Joint Replacement for You?

The decision to have shoulder replacement surgery should be a cooperative one between you, your family, your family physician, and Dr. Ackerman.

There are several reasons why Dr. Ackerman may recommend shoulder replacement surgery. People who benefit from surgery often have:


Orthopedic Surgery & Sports Medicine

1600 Stewart Ave. Suite 100, Westbury, NY 11590

(516) 243-8506


 

George P. Ackerman, M.D.